Notes on the project

(questa pagina in italiano)

The final goals of the project are:

– to classify all the rests of the Roman monuments, built for celebration, commemoration, military, games, dwelling, viability, hydraulic or for entertainment purposes, which have some physical requirements;

– to get the photografic evidence of the remains;

– to get information on the generic characteristics of the remains and of the monuments, at the time they had their greatest development;

– to get information on the place where the remains are, as its latin name and the Roman territorial administration (Augustean regions or province under Hadrian)

 

Notes on the listed monuments

Types and territorial lists: distribution in Rome (in the Regiones of the City centre and in the outskirts), in Italy and in the Empire follows these indications: “Numero Ufficiale Signa Romanorum” (Official Signa Romanorum Number) assigned, modern name of the location where the monument is (it could be: only in Italiano, both in Italiano and English, only in  the original language, in the original language and English, in the original language  and Italian and English), name of the location with its Latin name (whereas it changed during the centuries it is the one had at the roman conquest period). The modern name of an archaelogical  site, whenever this is not occupied by a modern settlement, is the one of the administral entity where the site is placed.

Aqueducts historical and architectural notes ~ complete list (Only external remains, not considering what is still underground, are included in the list; they must be at least 4 complete arches in a row, even though one on the other, or with just one arch whereas it is an aqueduct-bridge; in this case it follows the same rules of the ‘bridges’; whereas more than one segment stands in the same logistic unit (same rectilinear acqueduct line or, at least, same pedestrian area), just one entry will be displayed. SR numbers (for remains in Rome) are given according to their belonging to the same aqueduct line (first figure) and a progressive numberfor the rest; if the remain is in common with more than one aqueduct -coming from other sources- then the more ancient aqueduct gives the number to the rest).

Amphitheatres historical and architectural notes ~ complete list (Amphitheatres which their ruins are either not visible or only presumed are not included in this list).

Arches historical and architectural notes ~ complete list (Arches which have not a complete vault or were ancient gates to walled towns are not included in this list)

Bath houses historical and architectural notes ~ complete list (Only bath houses or nympheums still having at least one complete arch or vault are included. Also a monument having a  ten metres high wall -or more- is included).

Bridges Historical and architectural notes ~ complete list (In the list are included the bridges with a clear Roman class, having at least one complete vault, built with original Roman period material or a following rebuilt in loco. Causeways are included, when they do have arches as described for bridges, or not shorter tah 100 mts).

Circuses historical and architectural notes ~ complete list (Circuses, stadiums or hippodromes which their ruins are either not visible or only presumed are not included in this list. Monuments which only remain an elemenent of the ‘spina’ are included, such it is an obelisk).

Columns historical and architectural notes ~ complete list (In the list are included honorific columns with at least 10 mts high tall. Courtyards can present columns without a height limit but should be at least 5 and have still an architrave. The same rule is for arches when used as a courtyard. Cryptoportici shall be at least 50 mts long and and with no less than 5 viewing boxes windows between a colum and the following).

Gates historical and architectural notes ~ complete list (Gates which have not a complete vault are not included in this list. One gate shall have on of the followiing conditions in order to be included in the list: a – presence of decoration; b – presence of one or more towers next to the gate; c – presence of a secondary gate next to the main one; d – presence of an aquedut substruction or walking passage; e – presence of the “cavaedium”).

Mausoleums historical and architectural notes ~ complete list (Mausoleums non having dimensions  greater than 11 mts high and 29,5 mt wide are excluded from the list. According to SR rules, the other are named as sepulchers or tombs. These are the measures of the Cecilia Metella’s mausoleum drum on the ancient Appian Way. Considering the measurements you should not include overstructures added in a post Roman age.).

Palaces historical and architectural notes ~ complete list (The list includes buildings (aulae), government offices (capitolia), warehouses (horrea), libraries (bibliotechae), markets (slaughter), the basilicas (basilicae) that present at least one vault or a remaining wall taller than 10 mts; also houses (insulae) with a minumum of three stories tall are included).

Roads classification, historical notes and about their building ~ complete list (The list of roads is going to be built during the work on the other monuments: see the notes about classification of roads). They’re included flagstone pavings even though not listed but only detailed in the road pages icona_bas.

Temples historical and architectural notes ~ complete list (Temples are included in this list when two or more columns are still standing and at least half of the original lenght survives or there is still standing the vault of the inner chamber; sanctuaries are enlisted when at least one wall 10 mts high is still standing).

Theatres historical and architectural notes ~ complete list (Theatres or odeons which their ruins are either not visible or only presumed are not included in this list. Also, there are only roman-type theaters, not the grecian-type, these last basically charatherized by the absence of a scanae frons; see the notes for all the differences)

Walls historical and architectural notes ~ complete list (Walls built under the Roman dominion, being at least 4 mts high and 100 mts long, are included. If the wall belongs to a castrum (ancient fort) they shall have  the same minimal height and length of 50 mts at least. Valla (earth and wall obstacles) even with only an earth rampart  are included whenever conserved for at least 500 mts. There shall be just one entry fo rthe same fortification).

Others notes ~ complete list (List of famous monuments not included in other lists)

N.B. Villas, Sanctuaries and Fora, albeit so important monuments, are not included in the SR lists. This is because usually they are composed by different SR elements, such as bath, theaters or palaces and so on (for Villas) and courtyards, temples or arches (for Fora), temples or cryptoportici (for Sanctuaries).

Mi piace / I like(0)Non mi piace / I Dislikes(0)